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English Grammar : Learn Rules of Grammar and Basics

Learning English with The AN and freSy

Whether you’re just starting on your journey to learn the English language or you’ve been studying for some time and find yourself struggling with English grammar, with a little bit of perseverance, anyone can learn to speak and write English with confidence and accuracy.

English grammar is a set of rules that govern the composition and structure of the English language. It helps us to speak, read and write English language properly. Read this post to learn all aspects of English grammar and rules to improve your writing and speaking in both personal and professional communications.

English Grammar is one of the important aspect of understanding English Language Correctly. It provides the foundation for effective communication, writing, and reading. If you often find yourself wondering how to learn English, you’re not alone. Here are some tips to help you on your language learning journey.

English Grammar

English grammar is the set of rules and principles that need to be followed in order to read, speak and write the English Language Properly. From mastering verb tenses and sentence structures to understanding how to use different words and phrases to convey different meanings, learning English grammar can open up a world of possibilities for you as a second language learner.

It includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, as well as their formation and use in communication.

What is Grammar and its Importance

The word “grammar” comes from the Greek word “grammatike”, which means “the art of letters.” In linguistic terms, it refers to the systematic study of a language’s rules and structures for constructing meaningful sentences.

Grammar is a crucial component of the English language, and understanding how it works is essential if you want to communicate effectively and express yourself creatively.

English Grammar Syllabus

There are various principles in English grammar such as Principles of word order, punctuation, tense and aspect. Along with it there are principles on use of Determiners and Connectors. There are other important principles of English Grammar which are shown below:

Parts of Speech

Parts of speech in English grammar carry eight sections and in this section, we have listed all of them. So, if you are newbee, then Part of Speech is an important topic to cover in English grammar.

1. Nouns
  • Proper Noun
  • Common Noun
  • Singular Noun
  • Plural Noun
  • Possessive Noun
  • Collective Noun
  • Abstract Noun
  • Compound Noun
  • Countable Noun
  • Uncountable Noun
  • Material Noun
2. Pronouns
  • Relative Pronouns
  • Reflexive Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Possessive Pronouns
  • Indefinite Pronouns
  • Personal Pronouns
  • Subject Pronouns
  • Object Pronouns
  • Interrogative Pronouns
  • Reciprocal Pronouns
  • Intensive Pronouns
  • Distributive Pronouns
3. Verbs
  • Verb Forms
  • Main Verbs
  • Helping Verbs
  • Auxiliary Verbs
  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Regular Verbs
  • Irregular Verbs
  • Modal Verbs
  • Phrasal Verbs
  • Finite Verbs
  • Non Finite Verbs
  • Linking Verbs
  • Stative Verbs
  • Action Verbs
  • Gerund
4. Adjectives
  • Descriptive Adjectives
  • Quantitative Adjectives
  • Proper Adjectives
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
  • Possessive Adjectives
  • Interrogative Adjectives
  • Indefinite Adjectives
  • Compound Adjectives
  • Degree of Adjectives
  • Adjectives List
5. Adverbs
  • Conjunctive Adverbs
  • Adverb Clauses
  • Sentence Adverbs
  • Adverbs of Time
  • Adverbs of Frequency
  • Adverbs of Place
  • Adverbs of Direction
  • Adverbs of Degree
  • Adverbs of Manner
6. Conjunctions
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Correlative Conjunctions
7. Prepositions
  • Prepositions of Time
  • Prepositions of Place and Direction
  • Prepositions of Agents or Things
  • Phrasal Prepositions
  • Preposition Phrases
8. Interjections


A sentence in English grammar is a basic unit of meaning that conveys a complete thought. It typically has the following key characteristics: In this section, we have listed all the characteristics of sentences.

  • Simple sentence
  • Compound sentence
  • Complex sentence
  • Compound-complex sentence
  • Rules of Using Articles with Examples
  • Use of Indefinite Article
  • Use of Definite Article


In English grammar, punctuation refers to a system of marks and symbols used to clarify the meaning and structure of written language, and it is one of the most important topics to learn if you are learning English grammar.

  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Determiners & Quantifiers

Word Forms

Word forms are defined as the different variations of the word that can change the part of speech or help to express different grammatical categories. Here in this section, we have listed all the means that one can use for different sentence formations.

  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Contractions
  • WH Question Words

Tense in English grammar is the backbone of the language; it refers to the form of verb that indicates when an action is taken. In the below section, we have a breakdown of each part with a detailed explanation.

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Simple Future Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Active Voice and Passive Voice

In English grammar, active voice and passive voice are two ways to structure a sentence, affecting which element receives the action and which element performs it.

Importance of English Grammar

English grammar plays a crucial role in the effective communication and comprehension of the language. By mastering grammar, one can improve writing, speaking, and reading skills, which are important for success in the academic as well as professional world. Below is the list of the importance of learning English grammar:

  • Improves communication skills: Having a strong understanding of English grammar allows for more effective and clear communication.
  • Boosts writing abilities: Good grammar skills help in writing clear, concise, and error-free content.
  • Enhances job opportunities: Proficiency in English grammar is often a requirement for many professional careers.
  • Improves reading comprehension: Understanding grammar helps in reading and understanding written material more effectively.
  • Increases confidence: Good grammar skills enhance one’s confidence while speaking and writing in English.
  • Facilitates learning other languages: English grammar serves as a foundation for learning other languages.
  • Essential for academic success: Grammar is a fundamental aspect of the English language and critical for academic success.

Step-by-step order to learn English Grammar effectively and quickly.

Basic Rules of English Grammar

Here are 12 basic rules of English grammar:

  • Sentence structure: A sentence must have a subject and a predicate.
  • Parts of speech: Words are categorized into nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.
  • Agreement: Subject and verb must agree in number.
  • Tense consistency: Verbs must be used consistently in the same tense.
  • Pronoun agreement: Pronouns must agree with the antecedent in gender and number.
  • Modifiers: Adjectives and adverbs must be placed correctly in sentences.
  • Parallelism: Ideas in a list or comparison must be expressed in parallel form.
  • Capitalization: The first word of a sentence and proper nouns must be capitalized.
  • Punctuation: Proper use of punctuation is crucial for clear and concise writing.
  • Spelling: Correct spelling is important for clarity and credibility.
  • Word choice: Precise word choice is essential for effective communication.
  • Tone: The tone of a piece of writing should match the purpose and audience.

Understanding English Grammar which consists of the different parts of speech, sentence structures, tenses, punctuation, and voice makes it possible to express oneself effectively in English. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced learner, mastering these skills will help you to communicate with confidence and fluency, investing time in learning English grammar is an investment in your personal as well as professional growth.

English Grammar – FAQs

English Grammar is a structured system of rules that dictate how words should be combined to form sentences that are grammatically correct and convey a clear meaning. It includes the usage of parts of speech, punctuation, sentence structure, and verb tenses to ensure that the written or spoken language is organized and easily understood.

Here are some basic English grammar skills:

  • Word Order
  • Sentence structure
  • Verb tenses
  • Punctuation
  • Capitalization
  • Active and passive voice
  • Modifiers
  • Prepositions and conjunctions
  • Spelling

Grammar rules is the set of guidelines given in order to properly use words so that meaningful sentences can be prepared. Various rules are designed so that better usage of English language can be done of effective conversation.

  1. Subject-verb agreement: Match subject and verb in number.
  2. Punctuation: Use punctuation marks correctly.
  3. Sentence structure: Create complete sentences.
  4. Verb tenses: Maintain consistent verb tenses.
  5. Noun-verb agreement: Match verbs with subjects.
  6. Use of articles: Use “a,” “an,” and “the” correctly.
  7. Pronoun-antecedent agreement: Match pronouns with their antecedents.
  8. Capitalization: Capitalize proper nouns and titles.
  9. Parallel structure: Keep lists and series grammatically parallel.
  10. Modifiers: Place adjectives and adverbs correctly.
  11. Avoid double negatives.
  12. Possessive form: Use apostrophes to show possession.
  1. Syntax: Sentence structure and word order.
  2. Morphology: Study of word formation and structure.
  3. Semantics: Exploration of word and sentence meanings.
  4. Phonetics: Physical properties of speech sounds.
  5. Phonology: Abstract sound representations in a language.
  6. Pragmatics: Language use in context and communication.
  7. Punctuation: Rules for marking written language.

The English grammar syllabus can vary depending on the level of education (e.g., elementary school, high school, college) and the specific curriculum or educational standards in a particular region. However, a general English grammar syllabus may include topics such as:

  1. Parts of Speech: Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections.
  2. Sentence Structure: Sentence types (declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory), subject and predicate, clauses, phrases.
  3. Tenses: Present, past, future, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive tenses.
  4. Agreement: Subject-verb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  5. Articles: Use of “a,” “an,” and “the.”
  6. Modifiers: Adjectives and adverbs, comparative and superlative forms.
  7. Prepositions: Common prepositions and their usage.
  8. Conjunctions: Coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
  9. Active and Passive Voice: Sentence transformation.
  10. Direct and Indirect Speech: Reported speech.
  11. Sentence Analysis: Identifying sentence types, clauses, and phrases.
  12. Sentence Combining: Creating complex and compound sentences.
  13. Common Grammatical Errors: Identifying and correcting errors in writing.
  14. Vocabulary and Word Usage: Expanding vocabulary and using words effectively.
  15. Punctuation: Rules for commas, semicolons, colons, quotation marks, etc.
  16. Capitalization: Rules for capitalizing words and titles.
  17. Sentence Diagramming: Analyzing and diagramming sentence structure.
  18. Style and Tone: Writing with appropriate style and tone for different contexts.
  19. Writing Mechanics: Spelling, capitalization, and punctuation in writing.

Please note that this is a general outline, and the specific topics and depth of coverage may vary from one educational institution or curriculum to another. Teachers and educational institutions often provide detailed syllabi and curriculum guides for their specific grammar courses.

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