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Vocabulary
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Cách học động từ bất quy tắc (Irregular Verbs) nhanh nhất hành tinh

Learning English with The AN and freSy

Động từ được chia thành hai dạng - sử dụng có quy tắc và không theo quy tắc. Dạng động từ bất quy tắc có đến 360 từ phổ biến và hơn 600 từ được liệt kê đầy đủ (ngoài ra còn có thêm những từ mới khác).

Vậy làm thế nào phân biệt được hai dạng động từ bất quy tắc và động từ thường? Hãy cùng tham khảo một số điểm để xác định đúng hơn dạng có quy tắc hay bất quy tắc nhé.

A. Động từ CÓ QUY TẮT

Các động từ có quy tắc trong tiếng Anh được sử dụng ở thì quá khứ đơn hoặc hiện tại hoàn thành hoặc các dạng bị động (câu bị động) thì đều có dạng chung là thêm đuôi “ed” vào đằng sau động từ đó.

Ví dụ:

Động từQuy tắc thêm đuôi “ed”
CryCried
WorkWorked
StopStopped
CookCooked
PullPulled
StayStayed
WantWanted
LookLooked
PreferPreferred

B. Động từ BẤT QUY TẮT

1. Động từ bất quy tắc là gì?

Những động từ khi chuyển sang dạng quá khứ hoặc quá khứ phân từ mà không theo quy tắc chia đuôi “ed” được gọi là động từ bất quy tắc.

Đây là những động từ bắt buộc bạn phải học thuộc, ghi nhớ kỹ để áp dụng trong chia động từ theo thì (thì quá khứ - dùng thể quá khứ, V2 và các thì hoàn thành - sử dụng quá khứ phân từ II, viết tắt Vpii hoặc V3), chia theo cấu trúc câu để tránh sai lầm khi áp dụng cho bài thi của mình.

Ví dụ:

  • ⌘ Thì hiện tại đơn: He sees a dog.
  • ⌘ Thì quá khứ đơn: He saw a dog.
  • ⌘ Thì hiện tại hoàn thành: He has seen a dog.

Động từ bất quy tắc là một phần quan trọng trong kiến thức về động từ mà các bạn cần ghi nhớ.

2. Làm thế nào để nhớ được động từ bất quy tắc?

Không có quy tắc nên bạn bắt buộc phải học thuộc các từ này. Để học được hiệu quả, bạn nên nhóm các từ theo cụm để dễ ghi nhớ hơn hoặc tìm cách nào đó mà bạn thấy thuận tiện để nhớ.

Chép lại bằng tay những động từ bất quy tắc khi lần đầu học. Bạn có thể học quyển 360 động từ bất quy tắc thông dụng - đây là những từ được dùng nhiều nhất. Việc chép lại và kẻ bảng ban đầu sẽ giúp bạn tự ghi nhớ lần 1.

2.1 Học theo nhóm

Cách học để nhớ lâu khuyến khích là chia các động từ theo nhóm như thế này, bạn thử nhớ xem sao nhé.

a. Động từ có V1 tận cùng là "ed" thì V2, V3 là "d"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
feedfedfednuôi dạy, cho ăn
bleedbledbled(làm) chảy máu
breedbredbredsinh, nuôi dạy

b. Động từ V1 có tận cùng là "ay" thì V2, V3 là "aid"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
saysaidsaidnói
laylaidlaidđặt để

c. Động từ V1 có tận cùng là "d" thì V2, V3 là "t"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
bendbentbentuốn cong
sendsentsentgửi

d. Động từ V1 có tận cùng là "ow" thì V2 là "ew", V3 là "own"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
knowknewknownhiểu biết
blowblewblownthổi
growgrewgrownmọc, trồng
throwthrewthrownliệng, ném, quăn

e. Động từ V1 có tận cùng là "ear" thì V2 là "ore", V3 là "orn"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
bearborebornmang, chịu (sanh đẻ)
teartoretornxé rách

Lưu ý: Động từ “Hear” là ngoại lệ: Hear (V1) → heard (V2) → heard (V3)

f. Động từ V1 có nguyên âm "i" thì V2 là "a", V3 là "u"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
beginbeganbegunbắt đầu
drinkdrankdrunkuống
singsangsunghát
sinksanksunkchìm

g. Động từ có V1 tận cùng là "m" hoặc "n" thì V2, V3 giống nhau và thêm "t"

Ví dụ:

V1V2V3Nghĩa
dreamdreamtdreamtmơ, mơ mộng
meanmeantmeantý nghĩa, ý muốn nói

Có nhiều nguồn chia sẻ có đến 600 động từ bất quy tắc trong tiếng Anh tuy nhiên thì các bạn không cần học nhiều như thế, chỉ sử dụng các từ cơ bản hay gặp nhất thôi. Vì nhớ 600 động từ sẽ khá khó nên nhớ tầm 200 - 360 động từ bất quy tắc là đủ. Mà 360 là thông dụng nhất.

Bên cạnh việc phân nhóm để học thì bạn có thể sử dụng mẹo học khác như dưới đây.

2.2 Học chay mỗi ngày

Học 10 từ mỗi ngày, học thuộc từ. Bên cạnh đó, bạn kết hợp học song song với cách sử dụng của các thì quá khứ và hoàn thành để sử dụng luôn theo ngữ cảnh.

Bạn có thể ghi từ ở những nơi dễ nhớ để học được mọi lục mọi nơi.

Tuy nhiên, học thuộc không có nghĩa là bạn chỉ đọc đi đọc lại mỗi ngày 5 – 10 từ. Hãy biến việc học thuộc trở nên thú vị hơn bằng việc tự tạo cho mình một bảng động từ bất quy tắc riêng, viết lại ra giấy và cố gắng trang trí, diễn giả cụ thể nhất theo ý mình (bao gồm dạng nguyên thể, dạng quá khứ đơn và quá khứ hoàn thành). Chính việc tự chuẩn bị bảng này sẽ giúp bạn ghi nhớ lâu hơn và nắm được vị trí của từng từ bởi mỗi lần viết là một lần học.

Ngoài ra bạn nên giới hạn số lượng từ học mỗi ngày là từ 5-10 động từ (tương đương với 15 – 30 từ của 3 dạng), không nên cố gắng học “nhồi” quá nhiều một lúc bởi nếu học nhiều mà không có sự ôn tập mỗi ngày sẽ khiến lượng kiến thức ấy khó có thể đọng lại lâu dài.

Sau khi hoàn thành Bảng Động Từ Bất Quy Tắc, hãy nhìn bao quát và chọn ra từng nhóm từ có chung cách cấu thành dạng quá khứ và quá khứ hoàn thành để dễ dàng ghi nhớ hơn. Sau đó che đi phần dạng quá khứ hoặc dạng quá khứ hoàn thành trong quá trình ôn. Việc điền các từ còn thiếu bị che một cách ngẫu nhiên sẽ giúp bạn ghi nhớ lâu hơn và nhớ được bảng bất quy tắc một cách hệ thống.

2.3 Học qua các ứng dụng trên điện thoại

Hiện nay, chắc hẳn đa số các bạn đều sở hữu Smartphone phải không? Bên canh việc sử dụng cho giải trí, bạn nên tận dụng nguồn ứng dụng miễn phí để phục vụ cho việc học của mình. Chỉ cần vào CH Play (Đối với Android) và Appstore (Đối với IOS), bạn có thể thoải mái tìm kiếm những ứng dụng cho việc ghi nhớ động từ bất quy tắc của mình với từ khóa Irregular verbs.

Một trong những ứng dụng mình tâm đắc nhất đó là Irregular Verbs Words. Điều nổi bật của ứng dụng này đó là nó không chỉ cung cấp bảng động từ bất quy tắc vô cùng đầy đủ, nó còn tích hợp những dạng bài học từ theo sở thích của bạn (như học từng từ, học ngẫu nhiên hoặc chỉ học một số từ nhất định).

Bên cạnh đó, ứng dụng còn bao gồm những trò chơi đa dạng như điền từ, chọn từ thích hợp. Việc tải sẵn ứng dụng này sẽ giúp bạn có thể tranh thủ bất kì khoảng thời gian rảnh nào để ôn tập lại từ vựng mà không cần nhàm chán.

2.4 Học qua bài hát

Có 1 số bài hát sử dụng động từ trong đó có động từ bất quy tắc. Bạn có thể tham khảo:

Học rap qua kênh FluencyMC:

Học qua bài hát ngữ pháp ở kênh SchoolHouse Rock.

Học qua các bài học là một trong những cách nhanh nhất để giúp bạn ghi nhớ từ vựng. Bởi chắc hẳn các bạn đều thấy mình ghi nhớ bài hát nhanh hơn so với việc học từ vựng và ngữ pháp đúng không?

Thông qua việc học qua giai điệu, não cũng bạn sẽ có phản xạ tốt hơn khi gặp lại những từ đó trong tương lai. Về nguồn tài liệu học, hãy ghé thăm kênh Youtube và đánh từ khóa “Irregular verbs songs” để lựa chọn bài hát có giai điệu bắt tai và luyện nghe mỗi ngày nhé.

Tuy nhiên thì cách này sẽ không giúp bạn học hết được các động từ nên tham khảo học vui thôi nhé.

2.5 Học và nhớ từ qua trò chơi

Đây là một cách khá hay để học và vui hơn. Tuy nhiên thì bạn cần có mạng kết nối Internet với các nguồn sau để dễ học:

Trò chơi hỏi đáp quiz của British Council

Hướng dẫn học và chơi:

  • ⌘ Bạn được cung cấp những động từ bất quy tắc thông dụng nhất ở trên.
  • ⌘ Sau đó, bạn nhấn chỗ Iregular verbs và bắt đầu làm bài tập chọn các từ cùng nhóm.
  • ⌘ Nhấn Finish để kết thúc, kiểm tra mình đã nhớ từ được tốt chưa.

Trò chơi có tên Jeopardy của Quia

Hướng dẫn học và chơi:

  • ⌘ Bạn đăng nhập tên vào ô mục yêu cầu.
  • ⌘ Chọn các câu hỏi động từ bất quy tắc bắt đầu bằng....và chơi lấy điểm.

Những cách này khá thú vị nhưng nếu so với cách tự học chay, phân nhóm thì nó chỉ hỗ trợ thêm giúp bạn kiểm tra lại và ghi nhớ các từ. Hãy thử nhé!

C. List of 616 English Irregular Verbs

A comprehensive list of 616 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions.

Base Form (V1)Past Simple (V2)Past Participle (V3)Definition
A
AbideAbode/AbidedAbode/Abided/AbiddenTo continue
To reside\live
Aby/AbeyAboughtAboughtTo make amends for something wrong
AlightAlit/AlightedAlit/AlightedTo get off a bus, train, etc.
AriseAroseArisenTo originate
To get up from horizontal position, out of bed
To come into existence
AwakeAwokeAwokenTo stop sleeping and become conscious
B
BackbiteBackbitBackbittenTo speak badly about someone
BackfitBackfitBackfitTo fit new parts into an older machine that weren't available when the machine was made
BacklightBacklitBacklitTo illuminate from behind (photography)
BackslideBackslidBackslid/BacksliddenTo stop making progress and start regressing
BeWas/WereBeenTo exist, live or occur.
To have as a quality or a state
An auxiliary verb
BearBoreBorn/BorneTo carry
To tolerate
To give birth to
BeatBeatBeatenTo hit repeatedly
BecomeBecameBecomeTo come into existence
BedightBedight/BedightedBedight/BedightedTo adorn, decorate
BefallBefellBefallenTo happen
To happen to somebody or something
BegetBegot/BegatBegottenTo cause something to happen
To procreate
BeginBeganBegunTo start something
BegirdBegirt/BegirdedBegirtTo encircle
BehightBehightBehight/BehotenTo promise or vow
To order
BeholdBeheldBeheldTo become conscious of by seeing
BelayBelaid/BelayedBelaid/BelayedTo secure a boat with a rope
To tie up
BendBentBentTo curve something by distorting its shape
BereaveBereftBereft/BereavedTo lose a relative through their death
To deprive
BeseechBesought/BeseechedBesought/BeseechedTo ask someone very insistently to do something
BesetBesetBesetTo be restricted and occupied by difficulties
To be a signal or symbol of something
BespeakBespokeBespokenTo set aside or reserve something
BestrewBestrewedBestrewed/BestrewnTo cover a surface by throwing things about randomly
BestrideBestrodeBestriddenTo sit or stand with one leg on either side of something
BetBetBetTo risk money against the result of a future event
BetakeBetookBetakenTo go to a place
BethinkBethoughtBethoughtTo think about something
To remind yourself
BeweepBeweptBeweptTo cry for or over someone or something
BidBidBidTo make an offer of money or services
BidBadeBiddenTo command or urge someone to do something
BideBided/BodeBidedTo wait for
To tolerate
To withstand
BindBoundBoundTo tie something with string, or similar, to hold it
BiteBitBittenTo cut or hold with teeth
BlawBlawedBlawnTo blow
BleedBledBledTo lose blood through a cut in the skin
BlendBlended/BlentBlended/BlentTo mix together
BlessBlessed/BlestBlessed/BlestTo wish or confer happiness
To make holy
BlowBlewBlownTo move air, wind and gases
Bottle-feedBottle-fedBottle-fedTo feed a baby with a bottle
BowstringBowstrung/BowstringedBowstrungTo strangle with the string from a bow
BreakBrokeBrokenTo cause something to separate into at least two pieces
Breast-feedBreast-fedBreast-fedTo feed a baby with breast milk
BreedBredBredTo produce animals or plants by controlling their reproduction
BringBroughtBroughtTo carry or convey something to the place where you are going
BroadcastBroadcast/BroadcastedBroadcast/BroadcastedTo transmit radio or TV signals
BrowbeatBrowbeatBrowbeat/BrowbeatenTo put pressure on someone or bully them to do something
BuildBuiltBuiltTo construct
BurnBurnt/BurnedBurnt/BurnedTo consume or be consumed by fire
BurstBurstBurstTo break something open, usually by internal pressure, such as a balloon with too much air in it
BustBustBustTo break
C
CastCastCastTo throw or project something
CatchCaughtCaughtTo receive
To stop and hold a moving object, usually with your hands
To make something unable to escape
CheerleadCheerledCheerledTo cheer and support a team in an organised group
ChideChidChid/ChiddenTo tell somebody off when they have done something wrong
ChooseChoseChosenTo select
ClapClapped/ClaptClapped/ClaptTo hit your hands together to make a sound to show approval
To make a loud noise, like thunder
Clear-cutClear-cutClear-cutTo cut down all trees in an area
CleaveCleft/Cleaved/CloveCleft/Cleaved/ClovenTo separate or divide something, often with force
To stick or hold together
CleekClaught/Claucht/CleekedCleekedTo grasp or take hold of
ClepeClepedCleped/Ycleped/YcleptTo call or name
ClingClungClungTo hold on to or to stick to
ClotheClad/ClothedClad/ClothedTo dress someone or provide them with clothes
ColorbreedColorbredColorbredTo breed an animal to be of a particular color
ColorcastColorcastColorcastTo broadcast in color
ComeCameComeTo move towards or to arrive at a specified place, time or situation
CostCostCostThe amount of money required to buy something; it costs five dollars.
Cost-cutCost-cutCost-cutTo redcuce costs or expenditure
CounterdrawCounterdrewCounterdrawnTo copy by tracing
CounterlightCounterlitCounterlitTo light something directly from opposite sides
CowriteCowroteCowrittenTo write with someone
Crash-diveCrash-dived/Crash-doveCrash-divedTo go down very quickly
CreepCreptCreptTo move along the ground lying down
Creep-feedCreep-fedCreep-fedTo feed young animals in a special area that adult animals can't get in
Crib-biteCrib-bitCrib-bittenTo bite its manger and swallow air (of a horse)
Cross-biteCross-bitCross-bittenTo thwart or stop something happening by deception
Cross-stringCross-strungCross-strungTo place bass strings on a piano across the treble strings
CrossbreedCrossbredCrossbredTo breed animals or plants of different species, like a mule, which is a crossbreed of a donkey and a horse
CrosscutCrosscutCrosscutTo move between scenes or stories in a film or narrative
CrosslightCrosslitCrosslitTo illuminate from different sides, but not directly opposite
CrowCrowed/CrewCrowedTo boast
To utter a sound indicating pleasure
CutCutCutTo break the surface of something with a knife or similar tool
D
DareDared/DurstDaredTo have sufficient courage
DaydreamDaydreamt/DaydreamtDaydreamt/DaydreamtTo have dream-like thoughts when a wake
To have a fantasy
DealDealtDealtTo distribute, especially playing cards in games
Deep-freezeDeep-frozeDeep-frozenTo freeze or store frozen
To suspend progress or activity
DigDugDugTo make a hole in the ground
DightDight/DightedDight/DightedTo dictate orders
DispreadDispreadDispreadTo spread out
DisproveDisprovedDisproven/DisprovedTo prove that something is fale or wrong
DiveDived/DoveDivedTo jump head first into water
To fall quickly
DoDidDoneTo perform or carry out
DogfightDogfoughtDogfoughtTo fight in aeroplanes
To arrange a fight between dogs for sport
DowDought/DowedDought/DowedTo have the ability to do something
To do well
DrawDrewDrawnTo make a picture using a pen or pencil
DreamDreamt/DreamedDreamt/DreamedTo see visual images while sleeping
DrinkDrankDrunkTo consume liquids
Drip-feedDrip-fedDrip-fedTo feed someone with fluids going into the vein
To release information very slowly, bit by bit
DriveDroveDrivenTo operate and control a car or other vehicle
DwellDweltDweltTo reside or live somewhere
E
EatAteEatenTo consume solid food
End-runEnd-ranEnd-runTo avoid doing something by cheating or deceit
EngirdEngirtEngirtTo encircle, encompass
EngraveEngravedEngraved/EngravenTo carve letters or a pattern into the surface of something
EnwindEnwoundEnwoundTo make into a coil
To wrap around something
F
FallFellFallenTo move downwards or to the ground
FarebeatFarebeatFarebeatenTo avoid paying fares when using public transport
Fast-cutFast-cutFast-cutTo cut quickly from one scene to another in a film
FeedFedFedTo give or supply food
FeelFeltFeltTo sense by touch
To experience an emotion, or sensation
FightFoughtFoughtTo try to hurt or kill someone in combat or war
FindFoundFoundTo discover something either by chance or when looking for it
FitFit/FittedFit/FittedTo be the correct size, for clothes, etc. (fit/fit/fit)
To measure someone for size (fit fit/fitted/fit/fitted)
Flash-freezeFlash-frozeFlash-frozenTo freeze food very rapidly to preserve taste and nutrients
FleeFledFledTo run away in order to find safety
FlingFlungFlungTo throw or move something suddenly
FloodlightFloodlitFloodlitTo use powerful lights to illuminate something outside at night
FlyFlewFlownTo move through the air
To travel by aeroplane
FlyblowFlyblewFlyblownTo contaminate by laying eggs, the way a fly does
ForbearForboreForborne/ForbornNot to use or talk about something
ForbidForbade/ForbadForbiddenTo prohibit
Force-feedForce-fedForce-fedTo feed someone who refuses or doesn't want to eat
Fordo/ForedoFordidFordoneTo ruin or destroy
ForecastForecast/ForecastedForecast/ForecastedTo predict the future
ForefeelForefeltForefeltTo have a feeling before something happens
To have a premonition
ForegoForewentForegoneTo preceed something
To go without something
ForeknowForeknewForeknownTo know something beforehand
ForerunForeranForerunTo go before something
To show that something is going to happen
ForeseeForesawForeseenTo predict or see the future
ForeshowForeshowedForshowed/ForeshownTo show something or make it known beforehand
To foretell
ForespeakForespokeForespokenTo predict
To speak of something beforehand
ForetellForetoldForetoldTo predict the future
ForgetForgotForgottenTo be unable to remember something
ForgiveForgaveForgivenTo pardon or stop being angry with someone who has offended you
ForleseForloreForlornTo lose completely
ForsakeForsookForsakenTo give something up
To abandon
ForswearForsworeForswornTo make a false promise or oath
FraughtFraught/FraughtedFraught/FraughtedTo stock
To load a ship, etc
To hire a ship, etc
Free-fallFree-fellFree-fallenTo drop or fall suddenly
To fall through the air without opening a parachute
FreezeFrozeFrozenTo make liquids into solids by cold temperatures
To store food below zero degrees centigrade
FrostbiteFrostbitFrostbittenTo injure or damage part of the body through extreme cold
G
GainsayGainsaidGainsaidTo contradict or deny
GeldGelded/GeltGelded/GeltTo castrate an animal
GetGotGot/GottenTo obtain, catch or receive
GhostwriteGhostwroteGhostwrittenTo write for someone else, who will put their name as the author
GildGilt/GildedGilt/GildedTo cover something with a thin layer of gold
GinGanGanTo begin something
GirdGirded/GirtGirded/GirtTo secure or encirle something with a belt or bend
GiveGaveGivenTo offer something as a present
GnawGnawedGnawed/GnawnTo bite or chew
To cause worry
GoWentGone/BeenTo travel to a place
GraveGravedGraven/GravedTo dig
To carve
To fix in the memory
GrindGroundGroundTo break something into a powder
GrowGrewGrownTo increase in size
H
HagrideHagrodeHagriddenTo torment or cause nightmares
HalterbreakHalterbrokeHalterbrokenTo break a horse in, to get it used to wearing a halter
HamstringHamstrung/HamstringedHamstrung/HamstringedTo make things difficult for someone doing something
Hand-feedHand-fedHand-fedTo give food by hand
Hand-rideHand-rodeHand-riddenTo control an animal by hand
HandsewHandsewedHandsewn/HandsewedTo sew by hand
HandwriteHandwroteHandwrittenTo write with a pen or pencil rather than a word processor
HangHung/HangedHung/HangedTo suspend from a support
To execute someone by supending them by the neck
HaveHadHadTo possess
To do
An auxiliary verb
HearHeardHeardTo detect or perceive sound
HeaveHeaved/HoveHeaved/HoveTo lift something heavy
To throw something heavy
HewHewedHewnTo cut things into pieces
HideHidHiddenTo conceal or put something where it cannot be seen
HightHote/HightHotenTo name
To promise
To command
HitHitHitTo touch somebody or something with force
HoiseHoised/HoistHoised/HoistTo hoist or lift
HoistHoist/HoistedHoist/HoistedTo raise or lift using ropes, etc
HoldHeldHeldTo secure something in your hand
To contain
House-sitHouse-satHouse-satTo stay in someone's house to look after it while they are away
HousebreakHousebrokeHousebrokenTo train an animal to live in a house
HurtHurtHurtTo cause pain, injury or stress
To experience pain, injury or stress
I
InbreedInbredInbredTo produce babies with health problems by sexual relations between close relatives
IndwellIndweltIndweltTo inhabit
To exist as a guiding principle
InholdInheldInheldTo have as an inherent characteristic
InlayInlaidInlaidTo put a different material inside another for decoration, with a flat surface
InputInput/InputtedInput/InputtedTo enter data into a computer
InsetInsetInsetTo put a picture or graphic inside a lerger one
InterblendInterblended/InterblentInterblended/InterblentTo blend things together
InterbreedInterbredInterbredTo mix species or groups sexually
IntercutIntercutIntercutTo move between different scenes or stories in a film or narrative
IntergraveIntergravedIntergraved/IntergravenTo carve or engrave in alternate sections
InterlayInterlaidInterlaidTo place among or between things
IntersetIntersetIntersetTo set among or between things
InterweaveInterwoveInterwovenTo join or mix together
InterwindInterwoundInterwoundTo wind together or intertwine
InweaveInwove/InweavedInwoven/InweavedTo weave things together
InwindInwoundInwoundTo wrap or coil around
J
Jerry-buildJerry-builtJerry-builtTo build something cheaply and badly
K
KeepKeptKeptTo have possession
To make somebody or something stay in a particular place
KenKent/KennedKent/KennedTo know
KneelKnelt/KneeledKnelt/KneeledTo support yourself on your knees
KnitKnit/KnittedKnit/KnittedTo make clothes such as pullovers out of wool
KnowKnewKnownTo be acquainted with
To have correctly in your memory
L
LadeLadedLaden/LadedTo load (put goods onto) a ship
LandslideLandslid/LandslidedLandslid/LandslidedTo win a convincing and easy victory in an election
LayLaidLaidTo put something in a horizontal position
LeadLedLedTo take someone somewhere or guide them
To be in command
LeanLeant/LeanedLeant/LeanedTo place something at an incline for support against something
LeapLeapt/LeapedLeapt/LeapedTo jump
LearnLearnt/LearnedLearnt/LearnedTo acquire knowledge
LeaveLeftLeftTo go out of a place
LendLentLentTo give somebody money that must be returned
LepLeptLeptTo leap
LetLetLetTo allow something to happen
To allow someone to do something
LieLayLainTo get into or be in a horizontal position
LightLitLitTo make something burn
LinebreedLinebredLinebredBreed animals from a particular family
Lip-ReadLip-ReadLip-ReadTo work out what someone is saying from the movements of their mouth
LoseLostLostNot to have something because you do not know where it is
MakeMadeMadeTo create or construct something
To cause somebody to do something
To perform an action
MeanMeantMeantTo signify
To intend
MeetMetMetTo make somebody's acquaintance
To be in the same place as somebody
MeltMeltedMolten/MeltedTo change from solid into a liquid as the temperature goes up
MisbecomeMisbecameMisbecomeNot to suit
MiscastMiscastMiscastTo choose the wrong actor for a role
MischooseMischoseMischosenTo choose wrongly
MiscutMiscutMiscutTo cut something wrongly or badly
MisdealMisdealtMisdealtTo distribute playing cards wrongly in a game
MisdoMisdidMisdoneTo harm or injure
MisfallMisfellMisfallenTo happen unluckily
MisfeedMisfedMisfedTo feed incorrectly
To jam printers, photocpiers, etc, by feeding the paper incorrectly
MisgiveMisgaveMisgivenTo become suspicious or worried
MishearMisheardMisheardTo hear something incorrectly
MishitMishitMishitTo hit a ball badly or inaccurately
MisknowMisknewMisknownTo have the wrong idea about something
MislayMislaidMislaidTo lose or put something where you cannot find it
MisleadMisledMisledTo make someone behave wrongly
To deceive
MislearnMislearnt/MislearnedMislearnt/MislearnedTo learn wrongly
MisreadMisreadMisreadTo read something incorrectly
MissayMissaidMissaidTo say something incorrectly
To talk badly about someone
MissendMissentMissentTo send to the wrong place or person
MissetMissetMissetTo set or place wrongly or incorrectly
MisspeakMisspokeMisspokenTo say or pronounce something wrongly
To say something that is incorrect or inaccurate
MisspellMisspelt/MisspelledMisspelt/MisspelledTo write a word without using the correct letters
MisspendMisspentMisspentTo waste time or money
MisswearMissworeMisswornTo swear or make an oath falsely
MistakeMistookMistakenNot to understand
To confuse somebody with someone else
MisteachMistaughtMistaughtTo teach wrongly or incorrectly
MistellMistoldMistoldTo tell something wrongly
MisthinkMisthoughtMisthoughtTo have mistaken thoughts or ideas
MisunderstandMisunderstoodMisunderstoodNot to understand
MiswearMissworeMiswornTo wear badly
MiswedMiswed/MisweddedMiswed/MisweddedTo marry wrongly
MiswriteMiswroteMiswrittenTo write something incorrectly
MowMowedMownTo cut grass or cereals
N
NaysayNaysaidNaysaidTo oppose or criticise
Nose-diveNose-dived/Nose-doveNose-dived/Nose-doveTo dive or plunge nose first (aircraft)
O
OffsetOffsetOffsetTo compenaste or counterbalance
OutbidOutbidOutbidTo offer more money than someone in an auction or sale
OutbreedOutbredOutbredTo breed faster than others
OutdoOutdidOutdoneTo do better than someone
OutdrawOutdrewOutdrawnTo pull out
To pull a gun faster than an opponent
OutdrinkOutdrankOutdrunkTo drink more than someone else, usually alcohol
OutdriveOutdroveOutdrivenTo drive faster or better
OutfightOutfoughtOutfoughtTo fight better than someone
OutflyOutflewOutflownTo fly faster or further
OutgrowOutgrewOutgrownTo grow faster than something or someone
To become too big or mature for something
OutlayOutlaidOutlaidTo spend money for a particular purpose
OutleapOutleapt/OutleapedOutleapt/OutleapedTo jump or leap further or higher
OutputOutput/OutputtedOutput/OutputtedTo put out or produce
OutrideOutrodeOutriddenTo ride faster than someone
OutrunOutranOutrunTo run or go faster than someone
OutseeOutsawOutseenTo see further
To have greater foresight
OutsellOutsoldOutsoldTo sell more than something or someone
OutshineOutshoneOutshoneTo be better than someone
OutshootOutshotOutshotTo shoot faster or better
OutsingOutsangOutsungTo sing better or louder than someone
OutsitOutsatOutsatTo sit for longer than someone
OutsleepOutsleptOutsleptTo sleep for longer than someone
OutsmellOutsmelt/OutsmelledOutsmelt/OutsmelledTo have a better sense of smell
OutspeakOutspokeOutspokenTo speak better or more than someone
OutspeedOutspedOutspedTo go faster than someone or something
OutspendOutspentOutspentTo spend more than someone
OutspinOutspunOutspunTo finish or die
OutspringOutsprangOutsprungTo spring or jump out
OutstandOutstoodOutstoodTo be clearly different or better
OutswearOutsworeOutswornTo exceed someone in swearing- oaths or bad language
OutswimOutswamOutswumTo swim faster or further than someone
OuttellOuttoldOuttoldTo be better or exceed in telling or calculating
OutthinkOutthoughtOutthoughtTo think better ideas than someone
OutthrowOutthrewOutthrownTo throw further or more accurately
OutwearOutworeOutwornTo last longer (of materials, clothes, etc)
OutwindOutwoundOutwoundTo unloose
OutworkOutworked/OutwroughtOutworked/OutwroughtTo work harder or better
OutwriteOutwroteOutwrittenTo be better at writing
OverbearOverboreOverborneTo use force or authority to control
OverbidOverbidOverbidTo bid more something is worth
To bid more than you can win in a card game
OverblowOverblewOverblownTo become subdued
To blow away
To force too much
OverbreedOverbredOverbredTo breed too much so that features become excessive
OverbuildOverbuiltOverbuiltTo build too much, overdevelop
OverbuyOverboughtOverboughtTo buy too much
To pay too much
OvercastOvercastOvercastTo become cloudy
To sew with overcast stitiches (long slanting stitches)
OvercomeOvercameOvercomeTo master a problem or difficult situation
To become helpless because of excessive emotions or physical difficulties
OvercutOvercutOvercutTo cut down more trees than permitted
OverdoOverdidOverdoneTo do something to excess
To cook something too much
OverdrawOverdrewOverdrawnTo take money out of an account so that a negative balance results
OverdrinkOverdrankOverdrunkTo drink too much
OverdriveOverdroveOverdrivenTo drive or work something too hard
OvereatOverateOvereatenTo eat too much
OverfeedOverfedOverfedTo give too much food
OverflyOverflewOverflownTo fly over a place
OvergrowOvergrewOvergrownTo grow too big or beyond a limit or boundary
OverhangOverhungOverhungTo be above something
OverhearOverheardOverheardTo hear something accidently that was not said to you
OverlayOverlaidOverlaidTo cover something with a layer
OverleapOverleapt/OverleapedOverleapt/OverleapedTo jump over
OverlearnOverlearnt/OverlearnedOverlearnt/OverlearnedTo continue learning afer having reached a basic proficiency
OverlieOverlayOverlainTo lie on top of
To kill by lying on top of
OverpassOverpast/OverpassedOverpast/OverpassedTo cross, pass over
OverpayOverpaidOverpaidTo pay too much
OverrideOverrodeOverriddenTo ride through an enemy's country
OverrunOverranOverrunTo flood
To invade and take control
OverseeOversawOverseenTo observe people's work to make sure that it is done properly
OversellOversoldOversoldTo sell too much
To publicise too much
OversetOversetOversetTo overpower
OversewOversewedOversewn/OversewedTo sew two edges together with stitches overlapping both
OvershootOvershotOvershotTo go past a limit
OversleepOversleptOversleptTo sleep too late
OversowOversowedOversown/OversowedTo sow on land that has already be sown
OverspeakOverspokeOverspokenTo speak too long or use too many words
OverspendOverspentOverspentTo spend more than allowed or budgeted
OverspillOverspilt/OverspilledOverspilt/OverspilledTo spill over
To have a population that exceeds the space available
OverspinOverspunOverspunTo make something last too long
OverspreadOverspreadOverspreadTo cover something
OverspringOversprangOversprungTo jump over
OverstandOverstoodOverstoodLose a sale of deal by sticking to a price or conditions unacceptable to the other party
OverstrewOverstrewedOverstrewed/OverstrewnTo sprinkle or strew something onto another thing
OverstrideOverstrodeOverstriddenTo walk across or over
To walk faster than someone
To dominate
OverstrikeOverstruckOverstruckTo stamp a new value or inscription on a old coin
OverstringOverstrungOverstrungTo tie a string too tightly
To string piano bass strings across treble strings
OvertakeOvertookOvertakenTo pass a vehicle that is going more slowly
OverthinkOverthoughtOverthoughtTo think or plan too much
OverthrowOverthrewOverthrownTo remove someone forcibly from government or power
OverwearOverworeOverwornTo wear something too much or often, or wear it out
OverwindOverwoundOverwoundTo wind a clock or something too much so it strains the spring
OverwithholdOverwithheldOverwithheldTo deduct too much tax from a payment or salary
OverwriteOverwroteOverwrittenTo record data on top of existing data, erasing the original
P
PartakePartookPartakenTo take part in something or a part of something, usually food
PayPaidPaidTo give somebody money in exchange for things or services
PenPent/PennedPent/PennedTo shut up or enclose in a cage, etc
Pinch-hitPinch-hitPinch-hitTo bat instead of a player in baseball, especially when a hit is needed
PleadPled/PleadedPled/PleadedTo tell a court that you are guilty or innocent
To ask for special treatment by authorities, etc.
PotshotPotshot/PotshottedPotshotTo shoot at random
To criticise at random
Practice-teachPractice-taughtPractice-taughtTo teach as part of training
PrebindPreboundPreboundTo bind before
PrebuildPrebuiltPrebuiltPrefabricate
PrecutPrecutPrecutTo cut something before selling or assembling it
PredoPredidPredoneTo do something before a certain time of stage
PremakePremadePremadeTo make something before a time or stage
PrepayPrepaidPrepaidTo pay for something using it
PresellPresoldPresoldTo sell before a certain time
PresetPresetPresetTo arrange something before it is needed
PreshrinkPreshrankPreshrunkTo shrink a fabric before selling it so that it will not become smaller when washed
PresplitPresplitPresplitTo split or divide before a certain time
Price-cutPrice-cutPrice-cutTo cut or reduce prices
ProofreadProofreadProofreadTo read something checking carefully for mistakes
ProveProvedProven/ProvedTo demonstrate that something is true
PutPutPutTo place something in a specific position
Q
Quick-freezeQuick-frozeQuick-frozenTo freeze something rapidly
QuitQuitQuitTo stop doing something
To resign from a job
R
RapRapped/RaptRapped/RaptTo be very affected by strong emotion
Re-proveRe-provedRe-proven/Re-provedTo prove again
ReadReadReadTo look at written words and understand them
ReaveReft/ReavedReft/ReavedTo deprive
To take by force
ReawakeReawokeReawoken/ReawakenTo wake up again
RebidRebidRebidTo bid again
RebindReboundReboundTo cover a book again
RebroadcastRebroadcastRebroadcastTo transmit something on televison or the radio again
RebuildRebuiltRebuiltTo build something again
RecastRecastRecastTo replace an actor or actress
RecutRecutRecutTo cut again or differently
ReddRedd/ReddedRedd/ReddedTo save or rescue
RedealRedealtRedealtTo deal playing cards again
RedoRedidRedoneTo do something again
RedrawRedrewRedrawnTo draw again
To change boundaries, frontiers, etc
ReeveRove/ReevedRove/ReevedTo gather together
To thread something through a hole
RefitRefitRefitTo repair a ship, plane or vehicle
To fit something again
RegrindRegroundRegroundTo grind again
To smooth worn engine parts
RegrowRegrewRegrownTo grow again
RehangRehungRehungTo hang again or in a different position
RehearReheardReheardTo hear something again
ReknitReknit/ReknittedReknit/ReknittedTo knit again
To join back together
RelayRelaidRelaidTo operate a system where things are replaced as they become used or tired
RelearnRelearnt/RelearnedRelearnt/RelearnedTo learn again
RelightRelit/RelightedRelit/RelightedTo light or start something burning again
RemakeRemadeRemadeTo make something again, such as a new version of a film
RendRentRentTo tear or rip
RepayRepaidRepaidTo pay somebody money owed
RereadRereadRereadTo read again
RerunReranRerunTo show a film again
ResellResoldResoldTo sell something again
ResendResentResentTo send something again
ResetResetResetTo put something back to the original way it was organised
ResewResewedResewn/ReswedTo sew again
ReshootReshotReshotTo shoot a film scene again
ResitResatResatTo take an exam or test again
ResowResowedResown/ResowedTo sow again
RespellRespelled/RespeltRespelled/RespeltTo spell again
RestringRestrungRestrungTo fit new strings on a musical instrument or a bow
RetakeRetookRetakenTake again, especially exams and tests
ReteachRetaughtRetaughtTo teach again
RetearRetoreRetornTo tear again, usually of injuries
RetellRetoldRetoldTo tell something again
RethinkRethoughtRethoughtTo think again
RetreadRetrodRetroddenTo tread again
To cut new tread in a tyre
RetrofitRetrofit/RetrofittedRetrofit/RetrofittedTo fit new parts into an older machine that weren't available when the machine was made
RewakeRewoke/RewakedRewoken/RewakedTo wake again
RewearReworeRewornTo wear again
ReweaveRewove/ReweavedRewoven/ReweavedTo weave again
RewedRewed/ReweddedRewed/ReweddedTo marry again
RewetRewet/RewettedRewet/RewettedTo wet again
RewinRewonRewonTo win again
RewindRewoundRewoundTo put a cassette or video back to the beginning
RewriteRewroteRewrittenTo write something again, usually with improvements
RidRid/RiddedRid/RiddedTo dispose of
RideRodeRiddenTo travel by horse, bike or motorbike
RingRangRungTo telephone
To make sounds with a bell
RiseRoseRisenTo move upwards
RiveRivedRiven/RivedTo break apart ot split
Rough-hewRough-hewedRough-hewnTo make a rough version of something
RoughcastRoughcastRoughcastTo prepare a rough form of something
RunRanRunTo move quickly, so that both legs leave the ground
S
Sand-castSand-castSand-castTo make a cast by pouring metal into a mold made of sand.
SawSawedSawn/SawedTo cut wood, etc, with a tool
SaySaidSaidTo speak words
SeeSawSeenTo notice with your eyes
SeekSoughtSoughtTo try to find something
Self-feedSelf-fedSelf-fedTo feed itself without assistance
Self-sowSelf-sowedSelf-sown/Self-sowedTo sow itself without assistance
SellSoldSoldTo receive money in exchange for goods
SendSentSentTo cause something to be taken to a specific destination, especially letters, message, etc.
SetSetSetTo place something somewhere
To fix something in a particular position
SewSewedSewn/SewedTo join pieces of material together using thread
ShakeShookShakenTo vibrate
To make something vibrate
ShaveShavedShaven/ShavedTo remove body hair
ShearShore/ShearedShorn/ShearedTo cut with scissors, especially wool from sheep
ShedShedShedTo fall off or let something fall off; snakes shed their skin
ShendShentShentTo shame or disgrace
ShewShewedShewn/ShewedShow
ShineShoneShoneTo give off or reflect bright light
ShitShat/ShitShat/ShitTo get rid of solid body waste
ShoeShodShodTo provide with shoes, especially horses
ShootShotShotTo fire a bullet from a gun
To kill or hurt somebody with a gun
ShortcutShortcutShortcutTo use a shorter or quicker way of going somehere or doing something
ShowShowedShownTo allow somebody to see something so that they can become aware of it
ShrinkShrankShrunkTo become smaller
To make something smaller
ShriveShroveShrivenTo confess or listen to a confession, a religious term
ShutShutShutTo close something
SidewindSidewoundSidewoundTo move like the sidewinder snake
Sight-readSight-readSight-readTo read music
SightseeSightsawSightseenTo visit famous monuments, etc
SingSangSungTo make music with your voice
SinkSankSunkTo move downwards in water
To make something move downwards in water
SitSatSatTo support your body with your buttocks not your feet, with the back in a vertical position as on a chair
SkywriteSkywroteSkywrittenTo write in the sky with smoke
SlaySlewSlainTo kill
SleepSleptSleptTo be in a relaxed state with your eyes closed
SlideSlidSlid/SliddenTo move on a smooth surface, such as ice
SlingSlungSlungTo throw something somewhere
SlinkSlunkSlunkTo move in a suspicious and guilty way
SlitSlitSlitTo make a long thin cut in something
SmellSmelt/SmelledSmelt/SmelledTo detect odours with your nose
To emit odours
SmiteSmoteSmittenTo hit
SnapshootSnapshotSnapshotTake a quick photograph
SneakSneaked/SnuckSneaked/SnuckTo move around guiltily or to avoid being noticed
SoothsaySoothsaidSoothsaidTo predict the future
SowSowedSownTo plant seeds in the ground to produce plants or cereals
SpeakSpokeSpokenTo say words with your mouth
To be able to use a language
SpeedSped/SpeededSped/SpeededTo move quickly
To drive faster than legally permitted
SpellSpelt/SpelledSpelt/SpelledTo use the correct combination of letters for a word
SpellbindSpellboundSpellboundTo put into a trance or captivate
SpendSpentSpentTo Use money to buy things
To use time or energy doing something
SpillSpilt/SpilledSpilt/SpilledTo allow liquids out of their containers accidentally
SpinSpan/SpunSpunTo turn repeatedly in circles around a fixed point
To make something turn repeatedly in circles
SpitSpat/SpitSpat/SpitTo eject saliva, liquid or food from the mouth
SplitSplitSplitTo divide
To break open
SpoilSpoilt/SpoiledSpoilt/SpoiledTo let something go bad
To go bad
SpoonfeedSpoonfedSpoonfedTo give someone information in small and very easy bits
SpreadSpreadSpreadTo cover the surface of one thing with something else, like butter on bread
SpringSprangSprungTo jump
To become active
Stall-feedStall-fedStall-fedTo feed or fatten an animal in a stall
StandStoodStoodTo be in a vertical position with the weight on the feet
To get into this position
StaveStove/Staved/StovedStove/Staved/StovedTo break a hole in something
StealStoleStolenTo take property or money that is not yours
StickStuckStuckTo attach things with glue
To insert a sharp object into something
StingStungStungTo feel pain caused by an insect or plant or in a particular part of the body
StinkStankStunkTo smell very badly
StraphangStraphungStraphungTo hold a strap for support
StrewStrewedStrewn/StrewedTo distribute things randomly over a surface
StrideStrode/StridedStriddenTo walk confidently
StrikeStruckStruck/StrickenTo stop working as a protest about working conditions
To hit
StringStrungStrungTo attach something using a cord
StripStript/StrippedStript/StrippedTo undress
To remove the covering of something
StriveStroveStrivenTo try very hard to do something
SubletSubletSubletTo rent something you have rented
SunburnSunburned/SunburntSunburned/SunburntTo get red skin from being in the sun for too long
SwearSworeSwornTo use words which are regarded as offensive
To promise
SweatSweat/SweatedSweat/SweatedTo perspire
SweepSwept/SweepedSwept/SweepedTo clean floors using a brush
SwellSwelledSwollenTo increase in size usually by filling with liquids or gases
SwimSwamSwumTo travel in water by moving your arms and legs
SwingSwungSwungTo move from side to side from a fixed point
SwinkSwank/SwonkSwonkenTo work, toil or labour
Switch-hitSwitch-hitSwitch-hitTo bat right-handed against a left-handed bowler, or vice versa, in baseball
T
TakeTookTakenTo perform an action
To acquire
TeachTaughtTaughtTo instruct or train somebody
Team-teachTeam-taughtTeam-taughtTo teach with more than one teacher for the class or group
TearToreTornTo make a hole or divide material, paper, etc.
TelecastTelecast/TelecastedTelecast/TelecastedTo broadcast on TV
TellToldToldTo give somebody information
Test-driveTest-droveTest-drivenTo drive a car to test it before buying
Test-flyTest-flewTest-flownTo test a plane
ThinkThoughtThoughtTo have an opinion
To use the brain
ThriveThrove/ThrivedThriven/ThrivedTo do very well because the circumstances or situation is right
ThrowThrewThrownTo cause an object to leave your hand in such a way that it travels through the air
ThrustThrustThrustTo push with force
ThunderstrikeThunderstruckThunderstruck/ThunderstrickenTo strike with lightning / To shock
TineTint/TinedTint/TinedTo shut
TreadTrodTroddenTo put your foot down
TroubleshootTroubleshotTroubleshotTo solve a problem
TypecastTypecastTypecastTo give an actor the same sort of role repeatedly
TypesetTypesetTypesetTo compose type for printing
TypewriteTypewroteTypewrittenTo write with a typewriter
U
UnbearUnboreUnborn/UnborneTo remove a horse's rein and straps
UnbendUnbentUnbentTo retore something to its original shape that has been distorted
UnbindUnboundUnboundTo set something free
To untie, remove ropes, chains, etc..
UnbuildUnbuiltUnbuiltTo demolish
UnclotheUnclad/UnclothedUnclad/UnclothedTo remove clothes
UnderbidUnderbidUnderbid/UnderbiddenTo offer less money in an auction or sale
UnderbuyUnderboughtUnderboughtTo buy for less than the real value
UndercutUndercutUndercutTo sell at a cheaper price than a competitor
UnderdoUnderdidUnderdoneTo do less than necessary
Not to cook enough
UnderfeedUnderfedUnderfedTo give too little food to someone or an animal
UndergirdUndergirt/UndergirdedUndergirt/UndergirdedTo make something secure underneath / To give moral support
UndergoUnderwentUnderwentTo suffer or go through an unpleasant experience, such as surgery
UnderlayUnderlaidUnderlaidTo put underneath something
UnderletUnderletUnderletTo rent for less than the real value
UnderlieUnderlayUnderlainTo be the real reason, meaning or idea behind something, usually hidden or not clear
UnderpayUnderpaidUnderpaidTo pay someone too little or pay less than the price
UnderrunUnderranUnderranTo pass or flow underneath something
UndersellUndersoldUndersoldTo sell at a lower price than a competitor
UndershootUndershotUndershotTo shoot too short
Not to reach a traget
UnderspendUnderspentUnderspentTo sepnd less money than allocated in the department or company's budget
UnderstandUnderstoodUnderstoodTo know or come to know the meaning of something
UndertakeUndertookUndertakenTo accept responsibility for doing something
UnderthrustUnderthrustUnderthrustTo insert faulted rock under a passive rock mass
UnderwriteUnderwroteUnderwrittenTo accept part or all of a financial risk, especially insurance
UndoUndidUndoneTo ruin somebody's reputation
To 'open' clothes or shoes before taking them off
UndrawUndrewUndrawnTo open a curtain
To withdraw
To open, draw back (curtains, etc)
UnfreezeUnfrozeUnfrozenTo make assets availably for use
To thaw something
UnhangUnhungUnhungTo remove something that is hanging
UnhideUnhidUnhiddenTo expose something that was hidden
UnholdUnheldUnheldTo stop holding or not to hold
UnknitUnknit/UnknittedUnknit/UnknittedTo untie
UnladeUnladedUnladen/UnladedTo remove cargo, unload
UnlayUnlaidUnlaidTo untwist a rope
UnlearnUnlearnt/UnlearnedUnlearnt/UnlearnedTo try to forget or change a habit or something that had been learned
UnmakeUnmadeUnmadeTo remove a decision
UnreeveUnrove/UnreevedUnrove/UnreevedTo remove a rope from a hook
UnsayUnsaidUnsaidNot to say something
To take back something that you said
UnsellUnsoldUnsoldTo convince someone that something is worthless or false
UnsewUnsewedUnsewn/UnsewedTo undo someone sewed, remove the stitches
UnslingUnslungUnslungTo remove something held in a sling
UnspeakUnspokeUnspokenTo take back what has been said or not to say something
UnspinUnspunUnspunUnspun
UnstickUnstuckUnstuckTo seperate things that have been stuck together
To take off
UnstringUnstrungUnstrungTo open something secured with string
UnswearUnswearUnswornTo take back an oath
UnteachUntaughtUntaughtTo make someone forget something they have learned
UnthinkUnthoughtUnthoughtTo remove something from your mind
UntreadUntrodUntroddenTo tread back, retrace your steps
UnweaveUnwoveUnwovenTo undo things that have been woven together
UnwindUnwoundUnwoundTo relax
UnwriteUnwroteUnwrittenTo delete writing or not to write
UpbuildUpbuiltUpbuiltTo build up, develop on a large scale
UpholdUpheldUpheldTo support or confirm a decision
UppercutUppercutUppercutTo punch upwards towards someone's chin
UpriseUproseUprisenTo get up, stand up, move up
To return from the dea
UpsetUpsetUpsetTo make somebody unhappy or disturbed
UpspringUpsprangUpsprungTo jump or spring up
UpsweepUpsweptUpsweptTo sweep or brush upwards
UptearUptoreUptornTo tear into pieces
V
VexVext/VexedVext/VexedTo trouble or annoy
W
WakeWokeWokenTo stop sleeping and become conscious
To make somebody stop sleeping
WaylayWaylaidWaylaidTo wait for or to stop somebody to rob them
WearWoreWornTo have clothes on your body
WeaveWoveWovenTo make material
WedWed/WeddedWed/WeddedTo marry
WeepWeptWeptWept
WendWended/WentWended/WentTo go, make your way
WetWet/WettedWet/WettedTo make something wet by applying a liquid to it
WhipsawWhipsawedWhipsawn/WhipsawedTo cut with whipsaw (a saw for two people)
To victimis
WinWonWonTo be the best in a competition, game, election, etc.
WindWoundWoundTo turn something round to make a mechanical process operate
WinterfeedWinterfedWinterfedTo feed cattle in the winter when they can't graze
WiredrawWiredrewWiredrawnTo make wire
To make something last a long time, especially speech
WitWistWistTo know
WithdrawWithdrewWithdrawnTo remove money from a bank
To remove something from a place
WithholdWithheldWithheldNot to let somebody have something
WithstandWithstoodWithstoodTo resist successfully
WontWontWont/WontedTo be accustomed
WorkWorked/WroughtWorked/WroughtTo make physical or mental effort to produce or achieve something
WrapWrapped/WraptWrapped/WraptTo cover
To transport emotionally
WreakWreakedWreaked/WrokenTo cause or make something happen
WringWrungWrungTo put a lot of pressure on something to remove liquids
WriteWroteWrittenTo put words onto paper using a pen or pencil
Z
ZincZinced/ZinckedZinced/ZinckedTo coat or cover something with a layer of zinc

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