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Simple Future Tense: Meaning, Definition, Formula, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

Learning English with The AN and freSy

When discussing acts that did not occur in the present but will occur later or trying to talk about something that’s going to take place in the future, you’re using the simple future tense. The simple future tense represents an activity that will occur in the future. One thing to keep in mind is that simple future-tense acts start and conclude inside the future tense. The simple future is a verb tense that is used to explain situations that have not yet occurred.

Table of Content
  • What is the Simple Future Tense?
  • Definition of the Simple Future Tense
  • Simple Future Tense Formula
  • Structure of the Simple Future Tense
  • Rules for Simple Future Tense
  • Purpose of Simple Future Tense
  • Simple Future Tense Examples
  • Simple Future Tense Exercises
  • Simple Future Tense Worksheet

What is the Simple Future Tense?

The Simple Future Tense can be employed to represent an activity that takes place or takes place sometime later. The simple future tense communicates data or assurance about a time now. The simple future tense is essentially the verb form that expresses things that occur after the present tense, or anytime the incident or action described occurs beyond the moment of saying.

Definition of the Simple Future Tense

The simple future tense, according to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, is defined as “the form of a verb that expresses what will happen after the present.” The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the simple future tense as “a verb tense that is used to refer to the future.” “A tense of verbs used when the action or event described is to occur after the time of utterance”, is the definition of the simple future tense according to the Collins Dictionary. The Macmillan Dictionary defines the simple future tense as the tense that depicts actions or events “expected to exist or happen during the time following the present time.”

Simple Future Tense Formula

The formula of the simple future tense is as follows:

Subject + Helping verb (will) + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence

Structure of the Simple Future Tense

The structure of the Simple Future Tense for different kinds of sentences is listed below:

Affirmative:

Subject + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Root form of verb + Object

Example:
  1. They will pay us a visit in the new year.
  2. I shall go to my relatives.
  3. We shall take bath daily.
  4. She will complete her homework on time.
  5. He will come after his vacations are over.
Negative:

Subject + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Not + Root form of verb + Object

Example:
  1. She will not eat her meal.
  2. They will not clean their rooms.
  3. I shall not become rude.
  4. They shall not break the crockery.
  5. I will not watch the cricket match today.
Interrogative:

Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Root form of verb + Object + ?

Example:
  1. Will he eat fruits?
  2. Shall I consume junk food?
  3. Will you play in the tournament?
  4. Shall I read novels?
  5. Will it be sunny tomorrow?
Wh-questions:

Wh-word + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Root form of verb + Object + ?

Example:
  1. When will you complete your homework?
  2. Where shall we go shopping?
  3. Who will you come with to the party?
  4. What shall I do to be healthy?
  5. When will you return home?
Negative Interrogative:

Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Not + Root form of verb + Object + ?

Example:
  1. Will you not give me your notes?
  2. Shall I not play with sharp objects?
  3. Will they not eat with us?
  4. Shall I not harm animals?
  5. Will he not complete his project?

Rules for Simple Future Tense

Keep the following factors in mind to utilize the simple future tense correctly and successfully:

  1. A verb’s simple future tense usually needs two verbs: the helping verb will and the verb’s root form.
  2. The helping verb will precede the topic and root form of the main verb in a query.
  3. Negative phrases can be distinguished by placing not after the helping verb will.
  4. Recall that the helping verb “will” indicates to the viewer or audience that the tense is spoken further about future or future occurrences.

Purpose of Simple Future Tense

The simple future tense can be used for the following purposes:

  1. To indicate occurrences or acts that will occur in the coming days.
  2. To speculate or forecast about anyone or anything in the future.
  3. To make a declaration further about the true future.
  4. To inquire regarding anything or anyone who will undertake a task in the future.
  5. Consider future implications, situations, or options.

Simple Future Tense Examples

  1. We will prepare our project tomorrow.
  2. I will go to Nani Taal in April.
  3. He shall not come home on Diwali.
  4. My siblings shall plan to go to Ujjain.
  5. My sister will go shopping for her wedding dress.
  6. I shall improve my writing skills.
  7. My mother will go to Switzerland next month.
  8. When will you come to your home?
  9. When will he return my money?
  10. She shall not watch too much Netflix.
  11. Will you quit your smoking habit?
  12. He will not come to play cricket with us.
  13. You shall not pluck flowers from the garden.
  14. Shall I learn something new during my summer vacation?
  15. Will you join us for the dinner?

Simple Future Tense Exercises

Q1. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Future Tense form of the verb given in the bracket.
  1. ______ you _____ at her wedding? (dance)
  2. He _________ his books to anyone. (give – negative)
  3. When _____ you _____ your art classes? (join)
  4. _____ they _________ you of the notice? (inform – negative)
  5. The coach ________ you for the match. (guide)
  6. You _________ to solve math. (learn)
  7. They ___________ the quests at the reception. (welcome)
  8. _____ you ______ the bike? (ride – negative)
  9. Where _____ we _____ at night? (stay)
  10. You _________ your elders every morning. (greet)
Answers:
  1. Will you dance at her wedding?
  2. He will not give his books to anyone.
  3. When will you join your art classes?
  4. Will they not inform you of the notice?
  5. The coach will guide you for the match.
  6. You will learn to solve math.
  7. They shall welcome the quests at the reception.
  8. Will you not ride the bike?
  9. Where will we stay at night?
  10. You shall greet your elders every morning.

Simple Future Tense Worksheet

1. Sarah will bake a cake for her sister’s birthday.

=> Sarah __________ (bake) a cake for her sister’s birthday.

2. The students will study hard for their exams next week.

=> The students __________ (study) hard for their exams next week.

3. We will go to the beach on Sunday if the weather is nice.

=> We __________ (go) to the beach on Sunday if the weather is nice.

4. He will visit his grandparents during the summer vacation.

=> He __________ (visit) his grandparents during the summer vacation.

5. They will watch a movie together this weekend.

=> They __________ (watch) a movie together this weekend.

Answers

1. Sarah will bake a cake for her sister’s birthday.

=> Sarah will bake a cake for her sister’s birthday.

2. The students will study hard for their exams next week.

=> The students will study hard for their exams next week.

3. We will go to the beach on Sunday if the weather is nice.

=> We will go to the beach on Sunday if the weather is nice.

4. He will visit his grandparents during the summer vacation.

=> He will visit his grandparents during the summer vacation.

5. They will watch a movie together this weekend.

=> They will watch a movie together this weekend.

Simple Future Tense- FAQs

The Simple Future Tense can be employed to represent an activity that takes place or take place sometime later. The simple future tense communicates data or assurance about a time now. The simple future tense is essentially the verb form that expresses things that occur after the present tense, or anytime the incident or action described occurs beyond the moment of saying.

The simple future is a kind associated with the verb in English the language that signifies an activity or occurrence that is yet to begin. The simple future tense communicates facts or certainties and relates to something that is later than now.

Keep the following factors in mind to utilize the simple future tense correctly and successfully:

  • A verb’s simple future tense usually needs two verbs: the helping verb will and the verb’s root form.
  • The helping verb will precede the topic and root form of the main verb in a query.
  • Negative phrases can be distinguished by placing not after the helping verb will.
  • Recall that the helping verb “will” indicates to the viewer or audience that the tense is spoken further about future or future occurrences.

The formula of Simple Future Tense is listed below:

Affirmative:

Subject + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Root form of verb + Object

Negative:

Subject + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Not + Root form of verb + Object

Interrogative:

Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Root form of verb + Object + ?

Wh-questions:

Wh-word + Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Root form of verb + Object + ?

Negative Interrogative:

Helping verb (Will / Shall) + Subject + Not + Root form of verb + Object + ?

  1. We will prepare our project tomorrow.
  2. I will go to Nani Taal in April.
  3. He shall not come home on Diwali.
  4. My siblings shall plan to go to Ujjain.
  5. My sister will go shopping for her wedding dress.
  6. I shall improve my writing skills.
  7. My mother will go to Switzerland next month.
  8. When will you come to your home?
  9. When will he return my money?
  10. She shall not watch too much Netflix.
  11. Will you quit your smoking habit?
  12. He will not come to play cricket with us.
  13. You shall not pluck flowers from the garden.
  14. Shall I learn something new during my summer vacation?
  15. Will you join us for the dinner?
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