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Proper Noun – Definition, Examples, & Rules

Learning English with The AN and freSy

Proper Noun Definition

A Noun is referred to as a Proper Noun when it specifically names a person, place, or thing. It is an important topic regarding parts of speech. Regardless of where they appear in a sentence, the words that fall under this category of Proper Nouns always start with a capital letter.

What is a Proper Noun?

A name that begins with a capital letter and is used to identify a certain person, place, or organization. Frequently in contrast to the common noun.

Proper Noun Examples in Sentences

  • Sten read the book to his son.
  • The family decorated their home for Christmas.
  • The Redfort is in Delhi.
  • In history class we learned about World War II.
  • My favourite novel is The Wings of fire.
  • Seven students travelled to London during their spring break.

Difference between Common Nouns and Proper Nouns:

The major distinction between a proper noun and a common noun is that the former is the term used to refer to something in an official capacity. They do not allude to a certain class, like Mango. Common nouns, on the other hand, are still names, but they denote a specific style rather than the actual name, such as fruit. As a result, the fruit is a common noun while the mango is a proper noun.

A proper noun is a specific name for a person, group, thing, or location. In English grammar, proper nouns play a vital role in speech. Understanding the differences between subjects, objects, and verbs aids with English language learning. In a sentence, proper nouns are usually capitalized. Every language generally has proper nouns.

Common nouns are used to identify a group of things or living things. A common noun is one of the main nouns in English grammar; without one, a sentence cannot be finished. Common nouns frequently refer to things and persons, although they have nothing to do with the formal names of particular things.

Examples of Proper Nouns and Common Nouns:

Proper Noun Common Noun
Britain Country
Ganga River
Dog Animal
Bees Insects
Tata Company
Rolls Royce Car

Articles with Proper Nouns:

When referring to individuals, places, or things by their proper nouns, we do not use articles. An architect, Alice. Mary is my friend, NOT Alice or Alice. NOT a Mary India’s capital is Delhi. However, we use “the” after plural names. The Smiths and I are eating supper together.

Proper Noun Capitalization Rules:

No matter where a proper noun comes in a sentence, the basic rule for proper nouns states that the first letter of the noun should be capitalized, e.g., Sean works at the movie auditorium, and the group took a trip to Paris last year. In both examples, the proper noun was capitalized even though Paris was in the middle of the sentence.

Proper Noun Quiz/Exercise:

Underline the Proper Noun in the following sentences
  • United States of America is the biggest economy in the world.
  • She met Joshep at the office.
  • Millions of people speak English as a second language.
  • He comes from Britain.
  • The Ganga is the holy river of India.
  • Neptune is the 8th planet in our solar system.
  • Sten is my classmate.
  • Which is the capital city of Nigeria?
  • Antarctica is the smallest continent in the world.
Answer’s
  • United States of America is the biggest economy in the world.
  • She met Joshep at the office.
  • Millions of people speak English as a second language.
  • He comes from Britain.
  • The Ganga is the holy river of India.
  • Neptune is the 8th planet in our solar system.
  • Sten is my classmate.
  • Which is the capital city of Nigeria?
  • Antarctica is the smallest continent in the world.

FAQs on Proper Noun

Answer. A Noun is referred to as a Proper Noun when it specifically names a person, place, or thing. Regardless of where they appear in a sentence, the words that fall under this category of Proper Nouns always start with a capital letter, e.g., Sten, Bat, Football, Russia, Bees.

Answer. When Dog is used to specify an animal, it is called a proper noun, but a dog can also be a common noun as it is a general term to refer to all breeds of dog.

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