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Conjunctive Adverbs – Meaning, Examples and Exercises

Learning English with The AN and freSy

Are you having trouble with conjunctive adverbs? Have you ever wanted to express yourself more clearly and effectively, but just didn’t know where to start? In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive overview of the important role that conjunctive adverbs play in writing a great piece of literature. We’ll also cover meanings, examples, and exercises that will help you hone your skills.

Table of Content
  • What is a Conjunctive Adverb?
  • Definition of Conjunctive Adverb
  • Why Use Conjunctive Adverbs?
  • Conjunctive Adverb Rules
  • List of Conjunctive Adverb Examples
  • Conjunctive Adverb Exercises

What is a Conjunctive Adverb?

A Conjunctive Adverb is a kind of adverb that is a conjunction by its character and an adverb by its design. Conjunctive adverbs are adverbs that not only qualify a word but also connect different clauses or sentences.

A conjunctive adverb is also known as an adverbial conjunction. It brings together two complete thoughts like a conjunction. The second clause is used to modify the first clause like an adverb by using a conjunctive adverb. It follows a semicolon or a period and a comma after them.

Definition of Conjunctive Adverb

A word or a short phrase that joins two sentences or two independent clauses is called a Conjunctive adverb. It functions like a conjunction. It is also known as adverbial conjunction. Conjunctions are words that generally link other words, phrases, or clauses together.

Why Use Conjunctive Adverbs?

Conjunctive adverbs give the author a means of expressing their viewpoint on the subject. They allow the author to express whether a claim is factual, debatable, or just an idea. This enables the reader to comprehend the author’s position on the subject.

Additionally, conjunctive adverbs emphasize particular concepts. The writer might stress a specific point that they are attempting to communicate by using them. This can make the writer’s viewpoint on a topic clearer to the audience.

Conjunctive Adverb Rules

Since conjunctive adverbs have the special feature of behaving like a conjunction, there are a few points you will need to be aware of and bear in mind when using them in your sentences, especially in writing.

  • Rule 1: Always use a comma if the conjunctive adverb is used to link or separate an independent clause and a dependent clause. This rule applies when conjunctions like and, or, so or but are used before the conjunctive adverb.
  • Rule 2: When you are using a conjunctive adverb to link or show the relationship between two independent clauses, make sure you separate them with a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb and a comma after it.
  • Rule 3: When conjunctive adverbs are used to separate or link two independent clauses which have the ability to stand as two distinct sentences, a period can be used in between them and the second clause would begin with the conjunctive adverb.
  • Rule 4: If the conjunctive adverb appears in the beginning of a second clause in a sentence, you should use a comma after the adverb. In case the conjunctive adverb used in the beginning of the second clause is a monosyllabic adverb, a comma need not be used.
  • Rule 5: If the conjunctive adverb is used in the middle of a clause, it should be preceded and followed by a comma. This, however, need not be the case always, especially when conjunctive adverbs are made use of in short clauses.

List of Conjunctive Adverb Examples

Accordingly, additionally, also, anyway, besides, comparatively, equally, finally, further, furthermore, however, hence, in addition, in contrast, subsequently, etc. We will give some examples of conjunctive adverbs in sentences.

  • He is a hard worker, and he does any kind of work.
  • The girl doesn’t want to study; besides, she is too tired.
  • The price is reasonable, and the laptop is perfect.
  • The student is very brilliant; therefore, it’s easy for him to crack any exams.
  • The boy did not study well, and thus, failed in the examination.

There are a few conjunctive adverbs in the English language. These are given below. Examples of conjunctive adverbs are given below.

Accordingly Additionally Also
Anyway Besides Comparatively
Equally Finally Further
Furthermore Hence However
In addition In contrast Indeed
Instead Nevertheless Nonetheless
Next Moreover Now
Otherwise Rather Similarly
Still Subsequently Then
Therefore Thus Yet

Conjunctive Adverb Exercises

To know accuracy and preparation, you must have to solve these exercises which are given below.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate conjunctive adverb.
1. The student studied very well, and _________, got the maximum marks.
  1. However
  2. otherwise
  3. thus
  4. hence
2. The boy is a genius; ____________, it’s not at all surprising that he gets a good job.
  1. Besides
  2. therefore
  3. contrarily
  4. however
3. They wanted to play in the playground; __________, it rained so they can’t play.
  1. However
  2. moreover
  3. unless
  4. additionally
4. You need to focus on your study; _________, you won’t get success.
  1. Otherwise
  2. moreover
  3. thus
  4. Unless
5. I love to read story books; ____________, my best friend give me some story books.
  1. Accordingly
  2. otherwise
  3. moreover
  4. subsequently
6. Rohan kept noising in the library; ____________, he got punished.
  1. Besides
  2. therefore
  3. contrarily
  4. however
7. The boy likes the girl a lot; __________, he thinks that they should be good friends.
  1. Accordingly
  2. in fact
  3. thus
  4. hence
8. The little girl didn’t like eating potatoes; ________, snacks are her favorite food.
  1. Equally
  2. comparatively
  3. conversely
  4. in addition
9. They wanted to come ; ___________ , I was too busy.
  1. However
  2. nevertheless
  3. further
  4. rather
10. The boy is determined ; _____________ , to improve his score.
  1. Nonetheless
  2. comparatively
  3. equally
  4. similarly
Answers:
  1. Thus
  2. Therefore
  3. However
  4. Otherwise
  5. Accordingly
  6. Therefore
  7. In fact
  8. Conversely
  9. However
  10. Nonetheless

Conjunctive Adverbs- FAQs

A Conjunctive Adverb is a kind of adverb that is a conjunction by its character and an adverb by its design. Conjunctive adverbs are the adverbs that not only qualify a word but also connect different clauses or sentences. A conjunctive adverb is also known as an adverbial conjunction. It brings together two complete thoughts like a conjunction. The second clause is used to modify the first clause like an adverb by using conjunctive adverb. It follows a semicolon or a period and a comma after them.

Accordingly, additionally, also, anyway, besides, comparatively, equally, finally, further, furthermore, however, hence, in addition, in contrast, subsequently etc. We will give some examples of conjunctive adverbs in sentences.

  • He is a hard worker, and furthermore, he does any kind of work.
  • The girl don’t want to study; besides, she is too tired.
  • The price is reasonable, and moreover, the laptop is perfect.
  • The student is very brilliant; therefore, it’s easy for him to crack any exams.
  • The boy did not study well, and thus, failed in the examination.

To use conjunctive adverbs effectively:

  1. Placement: Place them within a sentence, typically after a semicolon or comma.
  2. Connecting Independent Clauses: Use a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb or a comma after when starting the second clause.
  3. Linking Ideas: Employ them to smoothly transition between ideas, indicating relationships like contrast or addition.
  4. Punctuation Rules: Always use a comma after a conjunctive adverb.
  5. Common Examples: Examples include however, therefore, nevertheless, moreover, consequently.
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